Use of forest fragments and agricultural matrices by small mammals in southeastern Brazil

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The use of matrix by species that naturally inhabit forest fragments can be an important instrument to restore connectivity in fragmented landscapes. The type and structure of the matrix are determinant for this connectivity, however, few studies have explored this theme. In this study, we evaluated the community of small mammals within forest remnants and within two types of matrices (coffee plantation and pasture). In all, 11 species of small mammals were captured, being Akodon montensis, Oligoryzomys nigripes and Calomys cerqueirai the most abundant in fragments, coffee plantation and pasture, respectively. The results show that the composition and structure of the community in the two matrix types are distinct from those found in fragments, and the coffee plantation matrix has greater abundance and greater richness of small mammals than the pasture matrix.


Uso de fragmentos florestais e matrizes agrícolas por pequenos mamíferos no sudeste do Brasil. O uso da matriz por espécies que naturalmente habitam manchas florestais pode ser um instrumento importante para restaurar a conectividade em paisagens fragmentadas. O tipo e a estrutura da matriz são determinantes para esta conectividade, porém, poucos estudos exploram este tema. Neste estudo, nós avaliamos a comunidade de pequenos mamíferos dentro de fragmentos florestais e também dentro de dois tipos de matrizes (plantação de café e pasto). No total foram capturadas 11 espécies de pequenos mamíferos, sendo Akodon montensis, Oligoryzomys nigripes e Calomys cerqueirai as mais abundantes nos fragmentos, plantação de café e pasto, respectivamente. Os resultados mostram que a composição e a estrutura da comunidade nos dois tipos de matrizes foram diferentes daquelas encontradas nos fragmentos, e que a matriz de café possui maior abundância e riqueza de espécies que a matriz de pasto.

Gracilinanus microtarsus (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae) en la provincia de Misiones, Argentina

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La distribución actual de la comadrejita Gracilinanus microtarsus (Wagner, 1842) se restringe al sudeste de Brasil. En esta nota se presenta el primer registro documentado para esta especie en la Argentina. Se capturó un ejemplar de G. microtarsus en la localidad de Santa Ana (27° 36′ S, 55° 56′ O; Candelaria, Misiones), en un área que se ubica mayormente en un ecotono entre la ecorregión de los Campos y Malezales del sur de Misiones y la Selva Paranense. Este registro extiende ca. 500 km al O el área de distribución conocida para esta especie.


Gracilinanus microtarsus (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae) from Misiones Province, Argentina. The recent distribution of the murine opossum Gracilinanus microtarsus (Wagner, 1842) is restricted to southeastern Brazil. In this note we present the first documented record for this species in Argentina. One specimen of G. microtarsus was caught in an ecotonal area between the perisylvan grasslands of the Northern Campos and the Paranense forests (Santa Ana, Candelaria, Misiones; 27° 36′ S, 55° 56′ W). This record expands the known distribution of this species about 500 km W.

Anatomy and development of the bony inner ear in the woolly opossum, Caluromys philander (Didelphimorphia, Marsupialia)

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The ontogenetic changes of the skeletal tissue of the vestibular and cochlear system of Caluromys philander were investigated using CT scans of an adult skull and 3D
reconstructions of histological serial sections of three pouch-youngs. The bony labyrinth of C. philander differs in several aspects from what has been reported for other marsupials. Some of the proportions of the semicircular canals (SC) are probably characteristic of arboreal as opposed to terrestrial species. Several significant changes in the SCs shape occur postnatally. The most remarkable difference among stages is the different height of the anterior SC and posterior SC in relation to the common crus. In the adult the posterior arm of the lateral SC and the inferior arm of the posterior SC build a common crus, a condition of several basal metatherians and crown-group marsupials. The number of turns of the cochlea in the adult is 2.4.


Anatomía y desarrollo de los huesos del oído interno de Caluromys philander (Didelphimorphia, Marsupialia). Los cambios ontogenéticos en el esqueleto asociado al aparato vestibular y la cochlea de Caluromys philander fueron investigados usando CT scans de un cráneo adulto y reconstrucciones 3D de cortes histológicos de tres estadíos tempranos postnatales. El laberinto óseo de C. philander difiere en varios aspectos del de otros marsupiales. Algunas de las proporciones de los canales semircirculares (CS) son probablemente características para hábitos arborícolas. Varios cambios significativos en los CSs ocurren luego del nacimiento. La diferencia más notable entre estadíos es la altura diferente del CS anterior y posterior en relación con el «common crus». En el adulto el brazo posterior del CS lateral y el brazo inferior del CS posterior forman un «common crus», una condición característica de varias especies basales de marsupiales. El número de vueltas de la cochlea en el adulto es 2.4.